Isn't Istanbul the capital of Türkiye＿ Türkiye has changed its name in the middle of this year, stop calling it "Turkey"!
D.G. Wander的世界漫遊來到土耳其。相信不少人看到標題會愣一下，土耳其首都不是伊斯坦堡嗎？正確答案是安卡拉（Ankara，舊稱「安哥拉」）。另外，土耳其已於2022/6/2將國名正式改為Türkiye，以避免之前Turkey類似「火雞」的諧音。解封旅遊潮在即，土耳其航空已從Turkish Airlines更名為Türk Hava Yolları，想下訂機票前請再三確認，以免錯過相關的資訊。
D.G. Wander's World Tour comes to Türkiye this time. I believe that many people will be stunned when they see the title. Isn't Istanbul the capital of Türkiye? The correct answer is Ankara (formerly known as "Ancyra"). In addition, Turkey officially changed the country's name to Türkiye on 2022/6/2 to avoid the previous homophony of the food Turkey. The unblocking of tourism is imminent, and Turkish Airlines has changed its name from Turkish Airlines to Türk Hava Yolları. Please double-check before booking a flight to avoid missing relevant information.
Photo by Meg Jerrard from Unsplash
土耳其 / Türkiye（2022/6/2前為Turkey）
2021 人均 GDP / 2021 GDP per capita：USD$ 9,530（76th in the world）
總人口數 / Population：8560萬 / 85.6 M
官方語言 / Language：土耳其語 / Turkish
首都 / Capital：安卡拉 / Ankara
國土面積 / Area：783,562km²
Isn’t the capital Istanbul? The reason why moving the capital to Ankara.
Photo by Ayriz Buhayra from pexels
鄂圖曼土耳其於第一次世界大戰中落敗，後來在阿塔圖克（Mustafa Kemal Atatürk，又稱「凱末爾」）的領導下建立了「土耳其共和國」，首都也在他的主導下，從伊斯坦堡遷到安卡拉。
Ottoman Turkey was defeated in the First World War and later established the "Turkish Republic" under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, and the capital was also moved from Istanbul to Ankara since then.
There are multiple factors to consider when relocating the capital city. First of all, Istanbul is too close to the Western world, and its strategic position is not good. In order to avoid the loss of World War I and repeating the same mistakes, choosing Ankara, which is close to the center of the country, is a strategic consideration; secondly, the people of the country have always supported the process of Atatürk’s rise, and it is easier to create a sense of national patriotism and unity there. Atatürk believed that environmental conditions could affect a person's thinking. Istanbul symbolizes ancient Ottoman Türkiye, and the new capital is the only way for Türkiye to modernize. On October 13, 1923, the Grand National Assembly of Türkiye passed a bill making Ankara the capital. The Memorial of Atatürk, which is also his mausoleum, is located in Ankara as well.
Santa Claus comes from Türkiye! The story of Saint Nicholas.
Photo by cottonbro from pexels
It is generally believed that the prototype of Santa Claus is the bishop of St. Nicholas (about 270~343) in Türkiye in the 3rd century. Although the vast majority (about 96%) of today's Turks believe in Islam, Türkiye is one of the birthplaces of Christianity, and many remains of Christianity are still preserved.
St. Nicholas was born in Patara, Türkiye (in present-day Demre, Türkiye), and later became the bishop of Myra. It is said that he was very wealthy and often gave gifts quietly to others, then eventually evolved into the legend of Santa Claus. His status is especially valued in the Orthodox Church, and many churches around the world are named after him. During the reign of Justinian I of the Eastern Roman Empire (527-565), a church named after St. Nicholas was built in Constantinople (now Istanbul). It's very early.
The origin of the tulip, the national flower of the Netherlands, came from Türkiye?
Photo by sergeyskleznev from envatoelements
Many people may not know that although the tulips in the Netherlands are famous, they actually originate from Türkiye, and tulips are also the national flower of Türkiye. The Turkish obsession with tulips is evident. From the tiles decorated in the palace to the bowls and plates used by ordinary civilians, there are painted tulips, and some cups are even deliberately shaped into tulips. Türkiye's predecessor, the Ottoman Empire, was called the "Tulip Age" during a period of peace. Up to now, there is also the "Tulip Festival" in April every year, which brings a tourism boom to Türkiye.
至於土耳其的鬱金香如何傳到荷蘭？一說是蘇丹王蘇萊曼大帝將鬱金香送給各國外交官，由奧地利外交官布斯貝克（德語：Ogier Ghislain de Busbecq）傳到維也納，再輾轉傳到荷蘭，從此被發揚光大；另一說是由荷蘭植物學家卡羅盧斯．克盧修斯（Charles de L’ecluse，拉丁語：Carolus Clusius）帶回，掀起一場歐洲的鬱金香狂熱。
As for how the tulips from Türkiye came to the Netherlands. One is that Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent sent tulips to diplomats from various countries, and the Austrian diplomat Ogier Ghislain de Busbecq spread tulips to Vienna and then to the Netherlands, where they have been carried forward since then; another is that the Dutch botanist Carolus Charles de L'ecluse (Carolus Clusius in Latin) brought it back, setting off a tulip mania in Europe.
Turkish Sema: Is it a Dance or Meditation?
Photo by Emir Eğricesu from Pexels
In Türkiye, there is a dance that needs to keep spinning in which men wear robes and high hats. In fact, this is not a simple artistic performance, but a religious practice, called "sufi whirling"(Turkish: Sema). Sufism originates from Islam (Arabic: taṣawwuf / English: Sufism), they emphasize spiritual and spiritual practice, believe that through the meditation of whirling dance, one can connect with Allah, perceive the truth of the universe, and transmit it to the crowd.
為了吸引觀光客，當地許多餐廳酒吧將旋轉舞當作一種民俗舞蹈來演出，其實誤會大了！近年來土耳其政府加強規範旋轉舞的場地，只要有酒精飲品的餐廳皆禁止提供旋轉舞。正式的旋轉舞場地稱為Semahane / Mevlevihane，中間為舞台，旁邊設有柵欄，後面才是觀眾的座位區。畢竟是嚴肅的宗教儀式，整個過程觀眾也是不拍手的。
In order to attract tourists, many local restaurants and bars perform sufi whirling dance as a folk dance. In fact, there is a big misunderstanding! In recent years, the Turkish government has strengthened the regulation of venues for sufi whirling, as long as restaurants with alcoholic beverages are prohibited from serving the dance. The formal sufi whirling dance venue is called Semahane/Mevlevihane, with a stage in the middle, a fence on the side, and a seating area for the audience behind. After all, it is a serious religious ceremony, and the audience should not clap during the whole process.
Need to take shower on every important occasion? The function of the hammam(Turkish bath).
Photo by Yura Timoshenko from Unsplash
The Turkish bath (Turkish: Hamam / Arabic: ḥammām) originates from the Roman baths. After the Turks conquered Constantinople, they inherited the bathing methods of the ancient Romans, including hot water, steam bath, and cold water, and integrated Islamic ideology and culture (for example, using flowing hot water instead of pool water, they think that the water is clean by doing so.), and become a Turkish bath with a unique style.
Public baths are of particular importance to the Islamic world. In the past, not every household had a bathroom. Islam also attached great importance to the concept of cleanliness. All kinds of traditional customs had to be carried out in public bathing places. Bathing, circumcision, and various religious activities and festivals require purification. It can be said that the life of a Muslim is almost inseparable from the bath.