從平民美食到經典義式開胃菜 漫談羅馬式燉牛肚

From civilian food to classic Italian appetizers
A rambling about Trippa alla Romana

 

義大利料理(義大利語:Cucina italiana,英語:Italian Cuisine)有「西餐之母」的稱號,是廣泛流傳於世界各地的菜系之一,融合了「南歐地中海料理」及「西歐精緻飲食」的精華,具有強烈的獨特風格。從歷史與地理的角度來看,義大利自古由各個城邦或王國組成,由於政治經濟長期的變動,使得原本各自獨立的區域性飲食,在傳遍全國之後又融入當地,而衍生出多變的菜餚,因此義大利料理具有非常豐富的多元性。

Italian cuisine (Cucina italiana) dubbed as the "Mother of Western Cuisine" and is one of the most celebrated cuisines around the world. It combines the spirit of "Southern European Mediterranean diet" and "Western European fine dining", with its unique style. From its historic and geographic perspective, Italy is comprised of various city-states, kingdoms since ancient times. Due to the long-term changes in the politic and economy, regional diets have spread throughout the country. Later, these dishes were integrated into the local area, evolving into more variety of dishes. Therefore, Italian cuisine has a very rich diversity.

義大利料理的特色

Features of Italian Cuisine

 

Photo by Pixabay from Pexels

 

Photo by Adonyi Gábor from Pexels

 

義大利料理崇尚新鮮食材與自然原味,特別是在地理大發現之後,大量引進美洲的蔬菜,如番茄、玉米和馬鈴薯等,成為義式料理中的經典配料。另外,義大利人也喜愛使用醬汁提味,讓食物更具豐富的口感與風味。總體來說,新鮮原味、色彩鮮豔及調味多元,是義大利料理的最大特色,也是引人入勝之處。

Italian cuisine translate to deliver fresh ingredients and natural flavors. Tomatoes, corn and potatoes are all classic ingredients in Italian cuisine. Italians also like to use sauces to enhance the taste, so that the food has a richer flavor. In general, fresh and original flavors, bright colors and diverse seasonings are the most distinctive features of Italian cuisine, and that's what makes it appealing.

 

由於義大利盛產橄欖,橄欖油是義式料理中不可或缺的元素,將近九成的菜餚都會使用到;義大利葡萄酒也有舉足輕重的地位,分級規範非常嚴格,年產量佔全球近五分之一,實力不容小覷,一杯適當的餐酒也能讓宴席更加完美。所以提到義大利美食,微醺美酒也不容錯過。

Italy is large producer of olives, thus olive oil became an indispensable element in Italian cuisine as nearly 90% of Italian dishes uses it. Italian wine also plays a pivotal role, and the grading standards are very strict. The annual output accounts for nearly one-fifth of the world's total consumption. A proper glass of table wine can also complete a dinner party. So when it comes to Italian food, a fine wine has to be included.

 

以地理位置而言,北義由於高山環繞,乳製品較為知名,且善用香草和蕈菇調味;南義則盛產番茄和橄欖,漁業也相對發達。義大利主食以披薩和義大利麵最具代表性;甜品也廣受世人喜愛,提拉米蘇和義式冰淇淋是其中的亮點;威尼斯和拿坡里(那不勒斯)因為靠海的地利之便,海鮮料理最具特色。

Northern Italian food is known for its dairy products due to high mountains and seasoned with herbs and mushrooms; Southern Italy is rich in tomatoes and olives, and the fishing industry is relatively developed. Italian staples are most representative in the form of pizza and pasta; Desserts are also widely loved, especially Tiramisu and gelato; Venice and Naples have the most distinctive seafood dishes because of the fact that they are by the sea.

 

「羅馬式風味菜」的前世今生

The past and present of "Roman-style cuisine"

 

Photo by Canva

古羅馬帝國因幅員廣闊,食材料理也受到各地文化影響,如希臘人和猶太人就在義大利各自發展出獨特菜餚,成為現今義大利料理的一部份。特別是希臘文化的影響至深,貿易的盛行使得進口食品大增,貴族越來越講究晚餐的菜色,份量也不斷增加,於是在主餐和甜點之外,又額外發展出許多前菜或開胃菜。

During ancient Roman Empire, the ingredients and dishes were also influenced by various cultures. For example, the Greeks and Jews developed their own unique dishes in Italy, which became parts of today's Italian cuisine. In particular, the influence of Greek culture is profound. The prevalence of trade has greatly increased imported food. Aristocrats are becoming more and more particular about the dishes for dinner, and the portions are also increasing. So in addition to main meals and desserts, many appetizers have been developed.

 

羅馬式風味的菜餚,在義大利料理分類上屬於「拉齊奧烹飪」(義大利語:Cucina Laziale,英語:Lazio Cuisine),最大特色就在於對開胃菜的重視,而且通常是重口味的料理,如香辣茄汁筆尖麵,和五花肉混搭羊奶奶酪製成的阿馬特里切空心乾麵條(Bucatiniall Amatriciana)。廣為人知的培根蛋麵(spaghetti alla carbonara),以及烤小羊肉(Abbacchio)和羅馬式炒小牛肉(Saltimbocca Alla Romana)這幾道知名料理,也源自拉齊奧地區。

Roman-style dishes belong to "Lazio cuisine" (Cucina Laziale) in the Italian cuisine classification. Its biggest feature lies in its emphasis on appetizers, and it is usually a heavy-tasting dish. Such as Macaroni in spicy tomato sauce (penne all'arrabbiata), and Bucatiniall Amatriciana, which made with pork belly and feta cheese. The well-known egg noodles with bacon (spaghetti alla carbonara), as well as the famous dishes such as roast lamb (Abbacchio) and sautéed veal in Rome (Saltimbocca Alla Romana), also originate from the Lazio region.

從「屠夫料理」進化成「羅馬式燉牛肚」

Evolved from "Butcher's Cuisine" to "Trippa alla Romana"

 

 

羅馬式燉牛肚(Trippa alla Vaccinara或Trippa alla Romana),Vaccinara這個詞原來是「屠夫式」的意思。屠夫們活用牛尾、小牛腸、牛肚和牛內臟等牛隻剩餘部位,製成各式美味菜餚,「羅馬式燉牛肚」就是其中一道。這道菜約在十八世紀末被發明,燉煮的過程很簡單,但卻能滿足味蕾,風味十足。想不到,好吃的牛肉部位被貴族先挑走後,這些剩肉經過庶民智慧大改造,也能拼湊出一道美味的平民美食。

Tripe in Rome ("Trippa alla Vaccinara"or"Trippa alla Romana") , the word "Vaccinara" originally means "butcher's style". Butchers use ox tails, veal intestines, tripe, viscera and other remaining parts of cattle to make various delicious dishes. "Tripe in Rome" is one of them. Originated near end of 18th century, this dish is a simple, yet flavorful stew. The premium beef cuts were consumed by the nobles and these leftover parts where then made into delicious commoners food which later become classics.

 

 

牛肚經過水煮後,以洋蔥、芹菜、月桂葉、大蒜和胡椒等香料調味。燉菜的部分也很講究,洋蔥、歐洲芹菜、胡蘿蔔,以及罐裝番茄這些基本的蔬菜配料,加上蒜末、白葡萄酒和番茄醬調味,再以薄荷葉、鹽巴、胡椒和奶酪加以點綴,醃漬的肥肉也是這道料理的靈魂,通常是火腿的肥肉或是豬臉頰肉,非常適合來為主角牛肚襯底。滿滿的番茄味是這道菜的另一特色,將罐裝番茄打成泥,與其他蔬菜調配好之後還要再淋上番茄醬,濃郁的酸甜滋味令人胃口大開,難怪這道菜是經典的羅馬式開胃菜!

The tripe is boiled and seasoned with ingredients such as onion, celery, bay leaf, garlic and pepper. The stew is also very particular about with the basic vegetable ingredients of onion, parsley, carrots, and stewed tomatoes, seasoned with minced garlic, white wine, tomato puree, and garnished with mint leaves, salt, pepper and cheese. Aged fat is also the important component of this dish, usually from the fat of ham or pork cheek, which pairs very well with the flavor of tripe. The tomato flavor is another highlight of this dish. The stewed tomatoes are mashed and mixed with other vegetables, and then topped with tomato puree. The rich sweet and sour taste is appetizing. No wonder this dish is a classic appetizer in Rome!

 

 

糊塗里的羅馬式燉牛肚採用傳統方式烹煮,以洋蔥、番茄、西芹、香料和雞高湯,放入牛肚後以小火燉煮,呈現濃郁香氣、層次豐富、令人直呼過癮的美味。了解背後的歷史脈絡之後,在品嚐時就會多了那一點韻味,幸福的不只是食物本身,而是有了更多理解之後親自體驗,彰顯飲食文化所蘊含的價值。不是每個人都當得了大廚,但可以成為不做菜也能通的料理達人。

Dotard Village follows the traditional method cooking it with onion, tomato, celery, spices and chicken stock then simmering the tripe over low heat. It presents a rich aroma, layered flavor profile, and a pleasant finishing note in the palate. Every bite into the dish gives provides a glimpse peak into its rich history. The combined experience of food and culture elevates the senses and one can truly appreciate the food presented.

 

糊塗里兔年私廚開運年菜

糊塗里兔年私廚開運年菜

告別忙碌的虎年,迎來玉兔迎春的新年 這個年夜飯就讓私廚巧手犒賞您的一家四口 鴻兔大展好風味的餘韻,迎來錢兔似錦的一年好運
如同商務會所般款待您的賓客 _ 感受美饌、佳釀和雪茄帶來的愉悅

如同商務會所般款待您的賓客 _ 感受美饌、佳釀和雪茄帶來的愉悅

糊塗里私廚酒窖 Dotard Village 提供與眾不同的餐飲文化,同時也讓來賓體驗味蕾之外的感官經驗,以葡萄酒、雪茄室與藝術畫作等元素,打造全面性的多功能俱樂部,並以客製化的禮賓服務滿足您的各項需求。
限量供應 _ 只有中午兩小時 _ 滿滿東南亞風情的蝦湯海鮮拉麵

限量供應 _ 只有中午兩小時 _ 滿滿東南亞風情的蝦湯海鮮拉麵

繼柚香風味拉麵後,糊塗里又有全新的拉麵口味了!這次改走南洋風情,推出「蝦湯海鮮拉麵」,滿滿的海鮮風味帶出濃烈的東南亞氣息。目前只在中午時段11:00~13:00限量供應,採現場候位用餐,喜歡拉麵的饕客們得抓緊時間,前來一嚐獨特的期間限定拉麵。

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