世界上十個容易混淆的首都

世界上十個容易混淆的首都,請作答!🇦🇺 🇨🇦 🇯🇵 🇮🇳 🇨🇭 🇹🇷 🇿🇦 🇺🇸 🇧🇷 🇻🇳

世界上十個常被混淆的首都,請作答!

10 Commonly Confused Capitals in the World. 

 

某些國家的首都,有時候很容易被直覺混淆,甚至傻傻分不清楚都有可能。別這麼有自信,要全部搞懂真的挺有難度。這次就來好好弄清楚世界上10個最容易混淆的首都,有些可能還會令你感到意外呢!

The capitals of certain countries are sometimes easily confused by intuition, which is indistinguishable. Don't be too confident when answering, it is tough to get them all clear. Now let's look at the 10 most confusing capitals in the world, and some may surprise you!

 

加拿大:渥太華 / Canada : Ottawa 🇨🇦

加拿大的首都不是溫哥華

 

加拿大的首都,你可能第一時間會想到溫哥華或是多倫多吧,但正確答案是渥太華。渥太華是位於加拿大東岸的第四大城,人口數約132萬人,鄰近第二大城蒙特婁和最大城多倫多。1857年維多利亞女王因為渥太華易守難攻的戰略因素,定為加拿大首都,一直延續至今。現以高科技業著稱,因此又有「北方矽谷」的稱號。

When it comes to the capital of Canada, you may think of Vancouver or Toronto at first, but the correct answer is Ottawa. Ottawa is the fourth-largest city on the east coast of Canada with a population of about 1.32 million. It is adjacent to the second largest city Montreal and the largest one Toronto. In 1857, Queen Victoria made Ottawa the capital of Canada because of the strategic factor of being easily guarded and hard to attack, which has continued to this day. Nowadays, it is famous for its high-tech industry, so it is also known as the "Silicon Valley of the North".

 

日本:無 / Japan : None  🇯🇵

日本的首都不是京都

 

日本首都是東京(Tokyo),不是理所當然嗎?其實不然。「東京都」作為日本層級最高的行政區,但憲法並未明文規定首都位置,因此從法理上而言,日本並沒有首都。硬要說的話,天皇所居住的「皇居」一帶,可算是日本真正的首都,而它目前的位置的確在東京沒錯。順帶一提,我們常說的「東京迪士尼」和「東京成田機場」,其實都不在東京!它們都位在鄰近東京的千葉縣,是不是長知識了呢?

You may say that Tokyo is the capital of Japan, but it's not. "Tokyo Metropolis" is the highest administrative region in Japan, but the constitution does not expressly stipulate the location of the capital. Therefore, from a legal point of view, Japan does not have a capital city. But to be honest, the "Imperial Palace" where the emperor lives can be regarded as the real capital of Japan, and it is indeed located in Tokyo. By the way, Tokyo Disneyland and Tokyo Narita Airport do not actually in Tokyo! They are in Chiba-ken, a place nearby Tokyo. Do you obtain knowledge from it?

 

澳洲:坎培拉 / Australia : Canberra 🇦🇺

澳洲的首都不是雪梨

 

擁有美輪美奐歌劇院的雪梨,和每年澳洲網球公開賽的所在地墨爾本,是否會讓你誤會成澳洲的首都呢?事實上是個相對冷門的城市:坎培拉。坎培拉的選址刻意取自雪梨和墨爾本兩大城的折衷地帶,並於1913年開始規劃興建,可說是較年輕的新興都市。雖然以人口數(約36萬)來計算,坎培拉只能排到澳洲第八大城,但城市設計別具特色,直接將多處重點區域融入公園綠地的概念,因此坎培拉又有「天然首都」的美稱。

Sydney, with its beautiful Opera House, and Melbourne, where the Australian Open is held every year, are often mistaken for Australia's capital. In fact, the actual capital Canberra is a relatively unpopular city. The location was taken from the eclectic area of the two major cities of Sydney and Melbourne and was planned and constructed in 1913. It is also said that Canberra is a young emerging city. Although based on the population (about 360,000), Canberra can only rank as the eighth-largest city in Australia, the urban design of the city is unique. It integrates green fields into the key areas. So, this gives Canberra the title of "Natural Capital".

 

印度:新德里 / India : New Delhi 🇮🇳

印度的首都不是孟買

 

我們常稱印度的首都是「新德里」,它是印度的聯邦政府所在地及首都機場的名稱,從英國殖民時期就定為首都,印度獨立之後亦將「新德里」定為首都名。但它實際的總面積只有42.7平方公里,只是印度所定義之國家首都轄區(National Capital Region, NCR)中的一小部分。印度真正的首都,是包含第二大城「德里」在內,加上周邊24個衛星城市所形成的大首都圈。而不管是「舊德里」還是「新德里」,都只是德里的其中一個小區而已。不過,「新德里」還是一般外國人慣稱的印度首都名,如果要問印度當地人,他們則稱自己國家的首都為「德里」。

People often call the capital of India "New Delhi", which is the seat of the federal government of India and the name of the capital airport. It has been designated as the capital since the British colonial period. After the independence of India, people continued the name till today. In addition, the total area of the city is only 42.7 square kilometers, which is just a small part of the National Capital Region (NCR) as defined by India. The real capital is the Greater Capital Circle, which includes the second-largest city "Delhi" and 24 surrounding satellite cities. Whether it is "Old Delhi" or "New Delhi", it is only one of the districts in Delhi. However, the name "New Delhi" is still commonly known by foreigners. But if asking the locals, they often call the capital of their country "Delhi".

 

瑞士:伯恩 / Switzerland : Bern 🇨🇭

瑞士的首都不是蘇黎世

 

第一大城蘇黎世?還是第二大城日內瓦?都猜錯了!瑞士的首都位於第五大城伯恩,人口數約13萬,也是瑞士中央政府的所在地。關於伯恩地名的由來挺有趣的:12世紀時,Zähringen公爵在阿勒河(Aare River)附近狩獵時,發覺有許多熊出沒,因此就以熊(德文:Bär)來為這個城市命名。伯恩擁有源遠流長的歷史,舊城區未受二戰波及而保留完整,被聯合國教科文組織核定為世界遺產,而像是時鐘塔、噴泉、拱廊等等,都是非常具有文化代表性的當地建築。

What comes to mind first when thinking about the capital of Switzerland? The largest city, Zurich? Or the second largest city, Geneva? Both are wrong! The capital of Switzerland is Bern, the fifth largest city, with a population of about 130,000. It is also the seat of the Swiss central government. Besides, the origin of the name Bern is interesting. In the 12th century, when the Duke of Zähringen was hunting near the Aare River, he noticed that there were bears nearby, so he named the city after the bear (which is Bär in German). Bern has a long history. The old town has not been affected by World War II and has been preserved intact. It has been approved by UNESCO as a world heritage site. For instance, the clock towers, fountains, and arcades are all culturally representative of local architectures.

 

土耳其:安卡拉 / Türkiye(2022/6/2前為Turkey) : Ankara 🇹🇷

土耳其的首都不是伊斯坦堡

 

伊斯坦堡是土耳其的第一大城,首都則是第二大城安卡拉。安卡拉人口數約450萬,歷史相當悠久,不但是歐洲現代化的大城市,同時也具有濃厚的歷史與文化色彩。相傳西元前1世紀時,亞歷山大大帝曾經來過此地,之後這裡便發行一種印有「錨」形的硬幣,因為安卡拉的希臘文Ἄγκυρα是「錨」的意思。安卡拉自古以來就是歐陸貿易的交通樞紐,在政治、軍事和商業上擁有一定的地位。歐洲人慣稱安卡拉為「安哥拉」(Angora),但土耳其人有自己的堅持,1930年起政府即要求各國以土耳其文稱呼自己的城市,於是「安卡拉」成為現今通用的稱呼。

Istanbul is often known as the largest city in Türkiye, but, however, the second-largest city Ankara is the capital of the country. With a population of about 4.5 million, Ankara has a long history. It is not only a large modern city in Europe but also has strong historical and cultural features. According to legend, in the 1st century BC, Alexander the Great had once visited this place. After that, a coin with an anchor shape was issued. Because the name Ankara refers to Ἄγκυρα in Greek, which means anchor. Ankara has been a transportation hub for continental trade since ancient times and has a certain position in politics, military, and commerce. Europeans often call Ankara "Angora", but the Turks have their own insistence. Since 1930, the government has required countries to call their cities Turkish, so "Ankara" has become the common name today.

 

南非:普利托利亞、開普敦、布魯芳登 🇿🇦

South AfricaPretoria, Cape Town, and Bloemfontein

南非的首都不是約翰尼斯堡

 

南非擁有三個首都,世界上獨一無二。依照行政、立法、司法三權之最高機構所在地,分別位於:普利托利亞(Pretoria,又稱「斐京」,行政首都,中央政府所在地)、開普敦(Cape Town,立法首都,國會所在地)、布魯芳登(Bloemfontein,又稱「布隆泉」,司法首都,最高法院所在地)。普利托利亞是南非的行政和工業中心,各國使館也集中在此;台灣駐南非外館處位於開普敦,是南非最早開始發展的城市,現為第二大城。如果稱「好望角市」你應該對它會比較熟悉,著名的旅遊勝地「好望角」即位於此,開普敦也以豐富的自然景觀著稱;布魯芳登位於中部的高原地帶,現為南非重要的交通樞紐。

There are three capitals in South Africa, which is unique. According to the location of the highest institutions of the executive, legislative and judicial powers, which are in Pretoria (Also known as "Fijing", the administrative capital and the seat of the central government), Cape Town (The legislative capital and the location of congress), and Bloemfontein (Or "Bu Long Chyuan", the judicial capital and the seat of the Supreme Court). Pretoria is the administrative and industrial center of South Africa, and the embassies of various countries are also concentrated here. The Taiwanese foreign embassy in South Africa is in Cape Town, which is the city that developed first in South Africa and is now the second-largest city. You shall be more familiar with another name ''Cape of Good Hope'', a famous tourist attraction. Cape Town is also famous for its beautiful natural landscapes. Besides, Bloemfontein is located on the central plateau and is now an important transportation hub in South Africa.

 

美國:華盛頓哥倫比亞特區 / U.S. : Washington, D.C. 🇺🇸

美國的首都不是紐約

 

美國的首都?太小看我了吧,華盛頓特區啊!是的,美國的首都並非第一大城紐約,但說「華盛頓特區」也並非完全正確,只能算是簡稱。Washington, D.C.中的D.C.,全文是District of Columbia,所以美國首都的全稱應為「華盛頓哥倫比亞特區」。原來,「哥倫比亞」這個詞不只是美國一間知名的私立大學,或是南美洲的一個國家,它還意指美國的首都呢!

The capital of America, Washington D.C., is a city that shall not be underestimated. Some people may think that New York City is the capital, which is the largest city in the U.S. However, it is not. Besides, "Washington D.C." isn't the entirely correct name of it, it can only be regarded as an abbreviation. In fact, D.C. in the name refers to the District of Columbia, so the full name of the capital of the United States should be "Washington District of Columbia". It turns out that the word "Colombia" is not just a well-known private university in the United States or a country in South America, it also means the capital of the United States!

 

巴西:巴西利亞 / Brazil : Brasilia 🇧🇷

巴西的首都不是里約

 

竟然不是里約熱內盧?巴西利亞才是巴西的首都!可別小看它,巴西利亞是全球20世紀後期建設的城市中規模最大的,它建於1950年代後期,具有各式各樣的獨特建築。1960年,巴西為了加速內陸地區的發展,而將首都從里約熱內盧遷往巴西利亞,之後巴西利亞的人口快速增長,2019年已突破300萬人,如今已成為巴西第三大城。城市經濟非常活躍,國民生產總值(約25500美元)是拉丁美洲所有城市之冠,獨具創造力的城市設計也讓巴西利亞被聯合國教科文組織列為世界遺產。

Rio de Janeiro is often mistaken for the capital of Brazil. But, in fact, it is Brasilia. It is a city that should not be underestimated.  Brasilia is the largest city in the world in the late 20th century, it was built in the late 1950s and has a variety of unique architectures. In 1960, Brazil moved the capital from Rio de Janeiro to Brasilia in order to accelerate the development of the inland area. Since then, the population of Brasilia has grown rapidly. In 2019, it has exceeded 3 million people, and now it has become the third-largest city in Brazil. The economy there is also prosperous. The gross national product (about 25,500 US dollars) is the highest of all cities in Latin America, and the creative urban design has also made Brasilia chosen by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

 

越南:河內 / Vietnam : Hanoi 🇻🇳

越南的首都不是胡志明市

 

又是另一個常被誤會的首都,不是胡志明市,越南的首都位於河內。河內是一座古城,舊稱「古螺」、「大羅」、「昇龍」等名,擁有1000多年的歷史,自建城以來就是北越的政治、經濟和文化中心,以豐富的文物和古蹟著稱。河內深受中國和法國文化影響,形成佛寺、歐式建築、教堂與東南亞風味的街道並存的奇妙景象。市內有多處到越南旅遊必去的景點,如:下龍灣、三十六古街、還劍湖、昇龍水上木偶劇院、昇龍皇城遺址等等。越南的革命領導人胡志明,其故居、陵寢和博物館都不在胡志明市,而是在河內!

Yet another capital that is often misunderstood by people, instead of Ho Chi Minh City, the capital of Vietnam is Hanoi. Hanoi is an ancient city, formerly known as "Guluo", "Daluo", "Thanglong" and other names. It has a history of more than 1,000 years. Besides, since the establishment of the city, it has been the political, economic, and cultural center of North Vietnam and is famous for its rich cultural relics and historical sites. Hanoi is deeply influenced by Chinese and French culture, forming a wonderful scene of Buddhist temples, European-style buildings, churches, and streets with Southeast Asian flavors coexisting. There are many tourist attractions in the city that must be visited in Vietnam, such as Halong Bay, Thirty-Six Ancient Streets, Hoan Kiem Lake, Thang Long Water Puppet Theater, Thang Long Imperial City Ruins, and so on. The revolutionary leader of Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh, whose former residence, mausoleum, and museum are not in Ho Chi Minh City, but in Hanoi!

 

走完10座(準確說是12座)城市,是不是某些既定印象被大翻轉,而有一種讀完世界地理大全的滿足感?就像很多事物並非我們想像的那樣,國家首都也並非我們認定的這麼理所當然!世界就是如此奧妙,下次別這麼快就下定論,深入了解各國的歷史文化,有機會的話也不忘到此一遊,才能有深度地漫遊世界,為自己的知性加分,成為真正的旅遊達人。

After seeing these 10 (to be precise 12) cities from the above, don't you feel that some of the stereotypes have been greatly reversed? And feel a sense of satisfaction after reading about the world's geography? There are lots of things that are not as accurate as we thought, just like the capital cities are not what we take for granted! We live in an abstruse world, and it is full of mysteries, don't jump to conclusions so quickly next time. Learn more about the history and culture of various countries, and if having a chance, do not forget to visit these places! Roam the world in-depth, widen your knowledge, and become a true expert in traveling.

 

新加坡星耀樟宜

新加坡的首都是新加坡市 _ 填海造陸的夢幻國際機場 _ 為了一睹漩渦瀑布而特地來此轉機

D.G. Wander這次來到了充滿南洋風情的星馬地區,先漫遊到新加坡,來看看這座東南亞海港,如何躍升成國際金融中心,介紹令人胃口大開的大雜燴沙拉羅惹;填海造陸的浩大工程;象徵種族文化大融合的Singlish;以及連續8年蟬聯第一的樟宜機場。
瑞士

🇨🇭 瑞士的首都不是蘇黎世 _ 在地球上選一個國家作為公園 _ 那就是瑞士

D.G. Wander來到山明水秀的瑞士。蘇黎世(Zurich)雖是瑞士第一大城,但瑞士的首都其實是一個相對冷門的名字:伯恩(Bern)。瑞士擁有風景秀麗的阿爾卑斯山,得天獨厚的自然景觀,不但是冬季滑雪的勝地,夏天更是登山愛好者的天堂。然而,獨特的瑞士人有某些性格,可能會令你大感意外!
土耳其

🇹🇷 土耳其的首都不是伊斯坦堡 _ 今年已更改國名 _ 請不要再叫它「火雞」

D.G. Wander的世界漫遊來到土耳其。相信不少人看到標題會愣一下,土耳其首都不是伊斯坦堡嗎?正確答案是安卡拉(Ankara,舊稱「安哥拉」)。另外,土耳其已於2022/6/2將國名正式改為Türkiye,以避免之前Turkey類似「火雞」的諧音。解封旅遊潮在即,土耳其航空已從Turkish Airlines更名為Türk Hava Yolları,想下訂機票前請再三確認,以免錯過相關的資訊。

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