新加坡星耀樟宜

🇸🇬 新加坡的首都是新加坡市 _ 填海造陸的夢幻國際機場 _ 為了一睹漩渦瀑布而特地來此轉機

新加坡的首都是新加坡市 _ 填海造陸的夢幻國際機場 _ 為了一睹漩渦瀑布而特地來此轉機

The capital of Singapore is the city of Singapore, which owns an International Airport established by reclamation, lots of people go there to transfer only for their rain vortex waterfall

 

D.G. Wander這次來到了充滿南洋風情的星馬地區,先漫遊到新加坡,來看看這座東南亞海港,如何躍升成國際金融中心,介紹令人胃口大開的大雜燴沙拉羅惹;填海造陸的浩大工程;象徵種族文化大融合的Singlish;以及連續8年蟬聯第一的樟宜機場。

This time, D.G. Wander has come to the Singapore-Malaysia area, a place that full of Nanyang style. He first roamed to Singapore to see how this Southeast Asian seaport became an international financial center. Then, he will introduce the appetizing salad Rojak, the huge project of reclamation, the Singlish, a symbol of racial and cultural integration, and the Changi Airport that has been ranked for the first place for 8 consecutive years.

 

新加坡

 

新加坡 / Singapore

2021 人均 GDP / 2021 GDP per capita:USD$72,790(5th in the world)

總人口數 / Population:560萬 / 5.6 million

官方語言 / Language:英語、馬來語、華語、坦米爾語 / English, Malay, Mandarin, Tamil

首都 / Capital:新加坡市 / Singapore City

國土面積 / Area:728.6平方公里 / 728.6 km²

 

東南亞經濟強國,海港躍升國際金融中心

The economic powerhouse in Southeast Asia, and how Singapore rises from a seaport to an international financial center

 

新加坡城市天際線

Photo by dibrova from envatoelements

 

1819年,新加坡成為英國的殖民地,並在史丹福‧萊佛士(Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles)爵士的管理下成為重要的貿易轉運站。1963年以「獨立城邦」的形式加入馬來西亞,其後又在1965年正式獨立建國。

In 1819, Singapore became a British colony, and under the management of Sir Thomas Stamford Bingley Raffles, it had become an important trading post at that time. In 1963, it joined Malaysia in the form of an "independent city-state", and then officially became an independent country in 1965.

 

新加坡以其優越的地理位置,成為全球最大的轉運港之一,依靠國際貿易以及完善的商業營運環境與經濟政策,成功由1970年代的傳統手工業,升級並轉型為1980年代的高科技電子產業。現今的新加坡,在人均GDP、人類發展指數和經濟自由度指數等重要指標當中,都是世界頂尖的位置,不但是東南亞的經濟強國,更是全球重要的國際金融中心。

With its advantageous geographical location, Singapore has become one of the largest transshipment ports in the world. Relying on international trade, a sound business operating environment, and economic policies, Singapore has successfully upgraded and transformed from a traditional handicraft industry in the 1970s to a high-tech electronics industry in the 1980s. Today, Singapore ranks among the top in the world in important indicators such as per capita GDP, human development index and economic freedom index. It is not only an economic powerhouse in Southeast Asia, but also an essential international financial center in the world.

 

南洋風情的大雜燴沙拉,創意滿滿又開胃

Nanyang-style hodgepodge salad, which is appetizing and full of creativity.

 

沙拉

 

羅惹(馬來文:Rojak / 印尼文:Rujak,又寫作「囉惹」、「囉雜」、「羅喏」、「囉吔」等),是一種東南亞當地的傳統沙拉,不同地區則衍生出不同的調味與配料。一般的水果羅惹食材有小黃瓜、鳳梨、蕪菁、涼薯、芽菜、油豆腐和油條等,有時也會加上芒果和青蘋果。醬汁則以水、蝦醬、糖、辣椒和檸檬汁混合而成,攪拌後撒上碎花生即完成,在四季炎熱的東南亞地區是一道經典的開胃料理。

Rojak (Malay: Rojak / Indonesian: Rujak) is a traditional local salad in Southeast Asia, and different regions have evolved different seasonings and ingredients. Common fruit rojak ingredients include cucumbers, pineapples, turnips, jicama, sprouts, fried tofu and fried dough sticks, sometimes mangoes and green apples are added. The sauce is a mixture of water, shrimp paste, sugar, chilli and lemon juice, tossed and sprinkled with crushed peanuts. It is a classic appetizer in Southeast Asia where it is hot all year round.

 

沙嗲

 

印度羅惹的配料有些許差異,會額外添加一些炸麵團、脆餅、馬鈴薯、炸明蝦和雞蛋,還會配上香辣花生醬,在新加坡的印度羅惹則習慣添加炸南瓜和豆腐,醬料則使用甜辣醬取代。馬來西亞的檳城羅惹也有自己的特色,是在水果羅惹的基礎上添加蓮霧、炸魷魚和蜂蜜等佐料。而羅惹在潮州話的唸法接近「拉雜」,因此也有「大雜燴」的意思,剛好也適合形容新加坡的多元文化。另外還有像是沙嗲和辣蟹,也是新加坡非常受歡迎的美食。沙嗲是起源於印尼的國菜,將牛、羊、雞、豬、魚等食材先醃再烤,佐以辛辣的沙嗲醬;辣蟹也是必吃的新加坡料理,浸在半濃稠的肉汁以及辣椒湯汁,再以蛋汁和番茄勾芡,令人食指大動!不同種類的美食正好說明了新加坡種族融合的文化。

The ingredients of Indian rojak are slightly different. Some additional foods like fried dough, crispbread, potatoes, fried prawns and eggs are be added. It also be served with spicy peanut sauce. Indian rojak in Singapore is used to add fried pumpkin and tofu and the sauce is replaced with sweet and spicy sauce. Besides, Rojak in Penang, Malaysia also has its own specialties. They add condiments like lotus mist, fried squid and honey to the fruit rojak. The pronunciation of rojak in Teochew is close to "laza", which also means "hodgepodge". And this can perfectly describe Singapore's multiculturalism.

 

辣蟹

 

填海造陸的夢想之地,所有土方等同661座台北101

The dream place of land reclamation, all of its earthwork is equivalent to 661 Taipei 101

 

填海造陸

Photo by LightFieldStudios from envatoelements

 

新加坡於建國之初的國土面積僅有581.5平方公里,因此很早就開始執行填海造陸的計劃。新加坡每10年會檢討一次國土計劃,並預計在2030年國土面積將達到777平方公里。這項計畫所費不貲,光是樟宜機場的造陸就花費475億新台幣,知名的金沙酒店也是建設在填海而成的土地上。現在新加坡的國土高達23%的面積是填海造陸而成的。

At the beginning of the founding of the country, Singapore's land area was only 581.5 square kilometers, so the government began to implement the plan of land reclamation very early. Singapore reviews its territorial plan every 10 years and expects the country to reach 777 square kilometers by 2030. The cost of this project is very high. The construction of Changi Airport has already cost NT$47.5 billion, and the well-known Marina Bay Sands is also built on the reclaimed land. Up to 23% of Singapore's land area is now reclaimed from the sea.

 

不僅是花費,填海造陸的土方體積也是相當驚人。每一平方公里需要7千萬噸的砂石,換算下來,至今填入的土方相當於661座台北101,不這樣比喻實在難以想像,幾十年累積下來的浩大工程究竟耗費多少人力物力!新加坡繁榮經濟的背後,一部分也是靠著填海的「夢想之地」來達成的。

Not only the cost, but the volume of earthwork for reclamation is also quite astonishing. Each square kilometer requires 70 million tons of sand and gravel. In conversion, the earthwork filled so far is equivalent to 661 Taipei 10. It is hard to imagine how much manpower and material resources the huge project accumulated over the decades can cost! Behind Singapore's prosperous economy, part of it is achieved by reclaiming the "dream land".

 

多元語言的混合體,從Singlish見識新加坡的文化融合

Through a mixture of multiple languages, we can view the cultural fusion from Singlish in Singapore

 

多元民族融合

 

大家一定都聽說過,新加坡的英語和一般的英語不太一樣吧。由於新加坡是個多元族群融合的國家,所以不同語言之間也因為文化的差異而互相影響著,被當作通行語的英文就受到華語、馬來語和其他方言的影響。它有一個特別的名稱叫Singlish,稱為「新加坡式英語」或「星式英語」。Singlish有三大特徵:

Everyone must have heard that English in Singapore is different from its ordinary style. Since Singapore is a multi-ethnic country, distinct languages also influence each other because of cultural differences. English in Singapore, which is used as the lingua franca, is influenced by Chinese, Malay and other dialects. It has a special name Singlish, which is also known as ''Singapore English''. There are three major characteristics for it:

 

1. 較不注重文法規則,如時態、be動詞、單複數或定冠詞。有時候會更像華語的文法。 /  Less emphasis on grammatical rules such as tenses, the be verb, singular and plural, or definite articles. It is somehow more like grammar in Mandarin.

由於受到華語的影響,英文當中的許多文法就會被省略。例如我們叫一個人別害羞,一般會說Don’t be shy,但Singlish可能就只會說:Don’t shy,直接把be動詞省略掉了。

Due to the influence of Mandarin, many grammars in English are omitted. For example, in Singlish, the sentence ''Don't be shy'' would be shorten to ''Don’t shy''. The be verb is omitted from this pattern.

 

2. 語調很特別,像是唱歌一樣,還會加上很多語助詞。 / Their intonation is very special with lots of auxiliary words, just like singing.

有聽過新加坡式英語的人,一定對它的語調感到難忘。正規英語只有分輕重音,但是華語有4個聲調,閩南和廣東方言分別有8個和9個聲調,混合在英語裡面當然就會使語句的聲調相對複雜。另外還會加上很多語尾助詞,像是啦lar、囉lor、了liao、咧leh等等。

Anyone who has heard Singapore-style English must be unforgettable by its tone. Regular English only has light and accent tones, but there ar four tones in Mandarin, 8 and 9 tones respectively in Hokkien and Cantonese. Mixing these deffirent types of languages in English can of course make the tones of sentences relatively complicated. In addition, many ending particles is added, such as lar, lor, liao, leh and so on.

 

3. 混入馬來語及華語方言。 / It is mixed with Malay and Chinese dialects.

新加坡式英語有幾個常用的閩南方言,像是吃力Jialat,這個詞除了形容很累之外,也可以形容一個人的處境很淒慘;肖Siao,就是閩南語中的「瘋了」,用來形容某種很荒謬的處境。

There are several Hokkien dialects commonly used in Singlish, such as Jialat, which can describe a person's situation as miserable in addition to being tired. Besides, ''Siao'', is used to describe a person's miserable situation in Hokkien or a ridiculous situation.

 

從語言就可以見識到新加坡多元種族和文化的融合,這就是Singlish現象背後所代表的文化意涵。

The multi-racial and cultural integration of Singapore can be seen from the language, which represents the cultural meaning behind the Singlish phenomenon.

 

連續8年全球最佳機場,還有世界最高的室內瀑布

Changi Airport, the world's best airport for 8 years, with its world's tallest indoor waterfall

 

星耀樟宜

Photo by Sreehari Devadas from Unsplash

 

新加坡的樟宜機場於2013至2020年連續8年獲得「全球最佳機場」的殊榮。Skytrax是一家英國顧問公司,主要針對航空服務進行滿意度調查,每年評選出「年度全球最佳航空公司」和「年度全球最佳機場」等獎項及排行。樟宜機場即使沒拿下第一名,通常也都名列前茅。

Singapore Changi Airport has been named "World's Best Airport" for eight consecutive years from 2013 to 2020. Skytrax, a British consulting company that mainly conducts satisfaction surveys on aviation services and selects awards and rankings such as "World's Best Airline of the Year" and "World's Best Airport of the Year" every year. In addition, Changi Airport usually comes out on top, if not in the first place.

 

星耀樟宜(Jewel Changi Airport)於2019年完工,是連結樟宜機場三個航廈的綜合性娛樂設施,以鋼材與玻璃帷幕結合的穹頂,不但充滿現代感且令人驚豔,「森林谷」(Forest Valley)打造階梯式的熱帶雨林,其中最吸睛的是森林谷中心的雨漩渦(Rain Vortex),它也是世界上最高的室內瀑布,搭配色彩繽紛的投影,有著美不勝收的壯觀。

Completed in 2019, Jewel Changi Airport is a comprehensive entertainment facility connecting the three terminals of Changi Airport. The dome made of steel and glass curtains modernity and stunning, the "Forest Valley" that created as a stepped tropical rainforest with the eye-catching Rain Vortex in the center of it. It is also the tallest indoor waterfall in the world, and with its colorful projections, it is a sight to behold.

 

聽說去新加坡旅遊,都要空出一天專門環遊機場,有些人還特別前來轉機,空出幾個小時也要來逛一圈!不必辦理繁複的入境手續,只需簡單填寫一張小白卡,就可以進入星耀樟宜盡情購物,享受另類的「轉機旅遊」行程。

It is said that when traveling to Singapore, people have to set aside a day to explore the airport. Some even especially come to transfer only for having a look at the airport. There is no need to go through complicated immigration procedures, what you only need to do is to simply fill in a small white card, then you can enter Jewel Changi for shopping and enjoy an alternative "transit travel" itinerary.

 

糊塗里南洋風味拉麵

Nanyang style ramen in Dotard Village

 

蝦湯海鮮拉麵

 

D.G. Wander相關企業糊塗里私廚酒窖Dotard Village目前正推出充滿南洋風味的蝦湯海鮮拉麵,讓你不出國也能體驗道地的星馬料理。瀏覽完世界漫遊的新加坡篇,順便也來一趟美食之旅吧!

Dotard Village, a company related to D.G. Wander, is currently launching Nanyang-style ramen that allow you to experience authentic Singapore-Malaysia style cuisine without going abroad. After browsing this new chapter of world roaming in Singapore, let's take a food tour by the way!

糊塗里蝦湯海鮮拉麵

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D.G. Wander的世界漫遊來到土耳其。相信不少人看到標題會愣一下,土耳其首都不是伊斯坦堡嗎?正確答案是安卡拉(Ankara,舊稱「安哥拉」)。另外,土耳其已於2022/6/2將國名正式改為Türkiye,以避免之前Turkey類似「火雞」的諧音。解封旅遊潮在即,土耳其航空已從Turkish Airlines更名為Türk Hava Yolları,想下訂機票前請再三確認,以免錯過相關的資訊。
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